Summary of Key Recommendations
Below is a summary of key recommendations for researchers, practitioners and policy makers undertaking implementation science in community-based settings (specific recommendations Dr Nicole Nathan 2016 Churchill Fellow Final Report for those undertaking physical activity research in schools is within the report);
- Utilize theoretical frameworks in the planning of implementation interventions and if possible identify how intervention effects are mediated.
- Prior to undertaking any implementation intervention ensure that a comprehensive analysis of barriers/ facilitators, using a theoretical framework, is undertaken.
- Where possible carry out more pragmatic research trials, so that intervention effects under real world conditions can be understood.
- Utilize alternative trial designs that enable two or more intervention strategies to be compared in a head-to-head manner so that policy makers and practitioners can make informed decisions when choosing between implementation interventions.