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Scott

Scott Turner

Year of Award: 2017 Award State: Queensland Transport And Infrastructure > Aviation
To research air traffic procedures leading to airspace redesign at major Australian airports - Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Netherlands, UK, USA, Canada
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Key Findings

On ground infrastructure plays a pivotal role in capacity and efficiency, specifically:

  • the positioning of taxiways, domestic and international terminal is critical
  • terminal ownership and leasing arrangements (such as JFK)
  • compass based arrivals is generally more capacious and efficient than terminal based arrivals 
  • Open STARs, Closed STARs, Point Merge, Radar SIDs, Procedural SIDs, Hybrid SIDs Lateral between parallel runways all have location specific benefits and limitations.
  • Alignment of runways.


Location specific elements must be considered during airspace design, especially,

  • Military airspace requirements
  • Proximity to other airports
  • Proximity to other countries or ANSP’s
  • Achieving a fair and equitable of access for all users
  • Air Traffic Controller equipment and technologies;
  • Politics and the community


Safe by design methodology can be pursued by considering:

  • International Regulations
  • Human Factors
  • Risk identification early in the planning process is advantageous


Satellite-based navigation is central to best-practice airspace design and operation given benefits in the areas of:

  • Ability to handle air traffic growth in a more efficient and environmentally friendly manner.
  • Adaptability to the most terrain challenged airports in the world
  • Provision of industry benefit by enabling track mile savings, reductions in fuel usage and greater efficiency than conventional parallel instrument approaches.
  • Safety benefits stemming from the level of navigation accuracy that PBN offers significantly exceeding conventional navigation.
  • Accessibility to various aircraft sizes.
  • Environmental and community outcomes due to the ability for RNP curved paths to eliminate traditional level segments and offer an opportunity to reduce both track miles flown, and noise footprints generated by aircraft.
  • Applicability for RNP-AR use for parallel operations in Australia, due to the size, structure and current arrival management practices, Terminal Area Controllers frequently use speed control rather than radar vectors techniques at busy airports. Controllers at locations such as Brisbane are proficient in the use of RNP and so the next step with the willingness of stakeholders such as airlines, airports and ANSPs is to adapt this technology for use at Brisbane Airports NPR.

Keywords: Airport, aviation, runway, RNP-AR, take-off, parallel runways, flight paths, Performance Based Navigation - PBN, Air Traffic Control, Australian infrastructure

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