Reviewing these themes there are key recommendations that merit consideration. These are organised within an overarching, primary recommendation as follows:
Work by national and jurisdictional groups on a food waste policy framework or roadmap (building on the National Food Waste Strategy) in which concrete national and local initiatives can be embedded and evaluated
- As part of the framework, Australia should set a food waste baseline and 2025 milestone target as soon as possible – to ensure that tracking occurs towards the 2030 target;
- Consideration of how taxation and procurement can be used as a tool to support the hierarchy;
- All food value chain actors should endeavour to use the free, global FLW Standard to account for and report food loss and waste;
- An outward facing national conference on food loss and waste policy and innovation open to all stakeholders across the food value chain to drive and sustain momentum, ideally linked with the Fight Food Waste Cooperative Research Centre event schedule;
- Australian representation on the international Champions 12.3 group (preferably high-level supermarket support such as Coles or Woolworths CEO), with supermarkets using the FLW Standard to provide transparent waste data across their supply chains;
- Commitment to a single national source of truth on food loss and waste (a National Food Loss and Waste Knowledge Hub) including a user-friendly nationally supported website and behaviour change program, developing an Australian approach based on WRAP (UK) as an exemplar;
- Strengthened cooperation with partnership-focused organisations (e.g. EU REFRESH, WRAP, ReFED, Champions 12.3) with the same concerns and mission;
- Integration of the Food Waste/Recovery Hierarchy into national and local policy;
- Enhanced local government collaboration with international colleagues to propagate successful local approaches; and
- Enhanced national collaboration with international government counterparts (e.g. Defra, USDA and EPA, MfE) to share learnings on policy/regulatory approaches.
I have also made a number of secondary recommendations for different stakeholders, including government (local, state and national), businesses and individuals. These recommendations are not exhaustive, but articulate ideas formed during my Fellowship.
Keywords: Food waste, food loss, policy, United Nations, Sustainable Development Goals, Agenda 2030, voluntary agreements, behaviour change, champions, data, baseline, target